Resiliency to Stereotype Threat Workshop: Literature & References

Alter, et al., 2010. Rising to the threat: Reducing stereotype threat by reframing the threat as a challenge. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 46:166-171. DOI: 10.1016/j.jesp.2009.09.014 | (PDF)

Anzaldúa. G. 1999. Borderlands/La Frontera (2nd Edition). San Francisco: Aunt Lute. | 

Aronson, J., and Patnoe, E. 1997. The jigsaw classroom: Building cooperation in the classroom. Scott Foresman & Company. | Google Books | Website

Aronson, J., et al. 1999. When White men can’t do math: Necessary and sufficient factors in stereotype threat. Journal of Experimental Psychology 35:29-46. DOI: 10.1006/jesp.1998.1371 | (PDF)

Ben-Zeev, T., Fein, S. and Inzlicht, M., 2005. Arousal and stereotype threat. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 41:174-181. DOI: 10.1016/j.jesp.2003.11.007 | (PDF)

Blascovich, J., Spencer, S.J., Quinn, D. and Steele, C., 2001. African Americans and high blood pressure: The role of stereotype threat. Psychological Science, 12:225-229. DOI: 10.1111/1467-9280.00340 | (PDF)

Chasteen, A.L., et al. 2005. How feelings of stereotype threat influence older adults’ memory performance. Experimental Aging Research 31:Iss 3. DOI: 10.1080/03610730590948177 | (PDF)

Cheryan, S., Plaut, V.C., Davies, P.G. and Steele, C.M., 2009. Ambient belonging: how stereotypical cues impact gender participation in computer science. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 97:1045. DOI: 10.1037/a0016239 | (PDF)

Cohen, G.L. and Garcia, J., 2005. "I am us": negative stereotypes as collective threats. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 89:566-582. DOI: 10.1037/0022-3514.89.4.566 | (PDF)

Cohen, G., et al., 2006. Reducing the racial achievement gap: A social-psychological intervention. Science 313:1307-1310. DOI: 10.1126/science.1127980 | (PDF)

Cox, C., Davis, J., Rock, D., Inge, C., Grant, H., Sip, K., Grey, J., & Rock, L. (2016). The Science of Inclusion: How We Can Leverage the Brain to Build Smarter Teams. NeuroLeadership Journal6. | (PDF)

Croizet, J.-C., and Claire. 1998. Extending the concept of stereotype threat to social class: The intellectual underperformance of students from low socioeconomic backgrounds. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 24:588-594. DOI: 10.1177/0146167298246003 | (PDF)

Dennehy, T.C., Ben-Zeev, A., and Tonigawa, N. 2014. ‘Be Prepared”: An implemental mindset for alleviating stereotype threat. British Journal of Social Psychology 53:584-594. DOI: 10.1111/bjso.12071 | (PDF)

D'lauro, C., Tanaka, J. W., & Curran, T. (2008). The preferred level of face categorization depends on discriminability. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 15(3), 623-629. doi:10.3758/pbr.15.3.623 | (PDF)

Dweck, C.S., 2007. The perils and promises of praise. Kaleidoscope, Contemporary and Classic Readings in Education, 12. | (PDF)

Dweck, C., 2008. Mindsets and math/science achievement ( | (PDF).

Dweck, C.S., 2010. Even geniuses work hard. Educational Leadership 68:16-20. | (PDF)

>Estrada, M., et al., 2019. The Influence of Microaffirmations on Undergraduate Persistance in Science Career Pathways. CBE Life Sciences Education 18:ar40, 1-15 | (PDF)

Freeman, J. B., Ambady, N., & Holcomb, P. J. (2010). The face-sensitive N170 encodes social category information. NeuroReport, 21(1), 1-9. doi:10.1097/wnr.0b013e3283320d54 | (PDF)

Gluszek, A., and Davidio, J.F. 2010. Speaking with a nonnative accent: Perceptions of bias, communication difficulties, and belonging in the United States. Journal of Language and Social Psychology 29:224-234. DOI: 10.1177/0261927X09359590 | (PDF)

Good, C., Aronson, J., and Harder, J.A. 2008. Problems in the pipeline: Stereotype threat and women’s achievement in high-level math courses. Journal of Applied and Developmental Psychology 29:17–28. DOI: 10.1016/j.appdev.2007.10.004 | (PDF)

Good, C., Rattan, A., and Dweck, C.S. 2012. Why do women opt out? Sense of belonging and women’s representation in mathematics. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 102:700–717. DOI: 10.1037/a0026659 | (PDF)

Ho, A. K., & Sidanius, J. (2009). Preserving positive identities: Public and private regard for one's ingroup and susceptibility to stereotype threat. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 13(1), 55-67. doi:10.1177/1368430209340910 | (PDF)

Inzlicht, M., and Ben-Zeev, T. 2000. A threatening intellectual environment: why females are susceptible to experiencing problem-solving deficits in the presence of males. Psychological Science 11:365-371. DOI: 10.1111/1467-9280.00272 | (PDF)

Inzlicht, M., and Ben-Zeev, T. 2003. Do high-achieving female students underperform in private? The implications of threatening environments on intellectual processing. Journal of Educational Psychology 95:14-16.  DOI: 10.1037/0022-0663.95.4.796 | (PDF)

Johns, M, Schmader, T., and Martens A. 2005. Knowledge is half the battle: Teaching stereotype threat as a means of improving women’s math performance. Psychological Science 16:175-179. DOI: 10.1111/j.0956-7976.2005.00799.x | (PDF)

Koening, A.M., and Eagly, A.H. 2005. Stereotype threat in men on a test of social sensitivity. Sex Roles 52:489-496. DOI: 10.1007/s11199-005-3714-x | (PDF)

Marx, D.M. and Roman, J.S., 2002. Female role models: Protecting women’s math test performance. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 28:1183-1193. DOI: 10.1177/01461672022812004 | (PDF)

Mendes, W. B., Major, B., Mccoy, S., & Blascovich, J. (2008). How attributional ambiguity shapes physiological and emotional responses to social rejection and acceptance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 94(2), 1-25. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.94.2.278 | (PDF)

Nestojko, J.F., et al. 2014. Expecting to teach enhances learning and organization of knowledge in free recall of text passages. Memory and Cognition, 42:1038-1048. DOI 10.3758/s13421-014-0416-z | (PDF)

Rowe, M. (2008). Micro-affirmations & Micro-inequities. Journal of the International Ombudsman Association1(1). | (PDF)

Schmader, T., Johns, M., and Forbes, C.  2008. An integrated process model of stereotype threat effects on performance. Psychological Review 115:336-356. DOI: 10.1037/0033-295X.115.2.336. | (PDF)

Shapiro, J.R., and Neuberg, S.L. 2007. From Stereotype Threat to Stereotype Threats: Implications of a multi-threat framework for causes, moderators, mediators, consequences, and interventions, Personality and Social Psychology Review 11:107-130. DOI: 10.1177/1088868306294790 | (PDF)

Steele CM, and Aronson J. 1995. Stereotype threat and the intellectual test performance of African Americans. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 69:797–811. | (PDF)

Steele, C. M. 1997. A threat in the air: how stereotypes shape intellectual identity and performance. American Psychologist 52:613-629. | (PDF)

Stone, J., et. al. 1999. Stereotype threat effects on Black and White athletic performance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 77:1213–1227. DOI: 10.1037/0022-3514.77.6.1213 | (PDF)

Sue, D.W., Capodilupo, C.M., Torino, G.C., Bucceri, J.M., Holder, A., Nadal, K.L. and Esquilin, M., 2007. Racial microaggressions in everyday life: implications for clinical practice. American Psychologist, 62:271-286. DOI: 10.1037/0003-066X.62.4.271(PDF)

Trujillo G, Aguinaldo PG, Anderson C, Bustamante J, Gelsinger D, Pastor M, Wright J, Marquez-Magana L, Riggs B. 2015. Near-peer STEM Mentoring Offers Unexpected Benefits for Mentors from Traditionally Underrepresented Backgrounds. Perspectives on Undergraduate Research and Mentoring 4(4.1) | (PDF)

Walton, G.M. and Cohen, G.L., 2007. A question of belonging: race, social fit, and achievement. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 92:82. DOI: 10.1037/0022-3514.92.1.82 | (PDF)

Walton, G.M., and Spencer, S.J. 2009. Latent ability: grades and test scores systematically underestimate the intellectual ability of negatively stereotyped students. Psychol Sci 20:1132-1139. | (PDF)

Walton, G. M., & Cohen, G. L. (2011). A Brief Social-Belonging Intervention Improves Academic and Health Outcomes of Minority Students. Science, 331(6023), 1447-1451. doi:10.1126/science.1198364 | (PDF)

Weger, et al., 2012. Mindful Maths: Reducing the impact of stereotype threat through a mindfulness exercise. Consciousness and Cognition 21:471-475. DOI: 10.1016/j.concog.2011.10.011O | (PDF)

Woodcock, A., Hernandez, P., Estrada, M., & Schultz, P. 2012. The consequences of chronic stereotype threat: Domain disidentification and abandonment. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 103:635-646. DOI: 10.1037/a0029120 | (PDF)

Yeager, D. S., & Dweck, C. S. (2012). Mindsets That Promote Resilience: When Students Believe That Personal Characteristics Can Be Developed. Educational Psychologist, 47(4), 302-314. doi:10.1080/00461520.2012.722805 | (PDF)